New figures released today (July 29) reveal that 321 people lost their lives in accidental drownings in the UK in 2015.
A new report from the National Water Safety Forum (NWSF)has revealed last year’s drowning figures – and it also shows that the majority of those who died did not intend to be in the water.
82 people drowned while walking or running
29 deaths while taking part in a commercial activity
The number also includes 30 people who died from suspected natural causes while or after being in the water.
NWSF’s Water Incident Database (WAID) compiles drowning statistics from across the UK and breaks these down into deaths by activity, age, geographical location, and location type.
The majority of deaths occurred at the coast/beach/shore (95) and in rivers (86).
As in previous years males are most susceptible to drowning, with 232 men and boys being recorded as having drowned, compared to 43 women and girls. There was a higher number of deaths for males than females recorded in every single age bracket.
Children and youths aged up to 19 represent 10 per cent of those killed, with 32 dying in 2015, 23 of these being in the 15-19 bracket. July represented the highest number of deaths (46, up from 34 in June and 35 in August), while many people also drowned in January (40).
In England 231 people were killed in accidental drowning or where natural causes were suspected, with 50 in Scotland, 33 in Wales, and three in Northern Ireland.
George Rawlinson, chairman of the NWSF, said: “As the holiday season commences I am saddened that still too many lives are needlessly lost, this alone clearly demonstrates the need for action. The forum, through its partner organisations, is determined to tackle drowning so that the families and loved ones of these tragedies may be comforted in the knowledge that we’re all working together to reduce incidents around our coast and inland waters and protect future generations.
“With Government support for our first National Drowning Prevention strategy launch early this year, we’re actively progressing towards a goal where more people can enjoy the water safely.”
With the summer holidays fast approaching many families will be looking forward to a well earned break.
CFOA works closely with organisations such as RLSS UK, RoSPA, RNLI and MCA to spread awareness about water safety in the UK. Please don’t forget these water safety messages when you are away from home this summer.
The issue of drowning is certainly not unique to the UK. Lack of local knowledge can also mean that foreign waters pose more risk to a visiting tourist and relaxed behaviour around pools can and does lead to tragedy. About ¼ (143) of drownings in Spain are foreign nationals according to Escuela Segovia de Socorrismo.
Find the best spot
The temptation is to find that hidden gem of a beach and get away from everyone else. A secluded beach is not the safest option.
We strongly suggest you use a lifeguarded beach during patrolled hours. If you have children they are like a second set of eyes however, it is important to remember that it is up to you to correctly supervise children not the lifeguard.
Dress your children in something nice and bright/ distinctive – it is easier to keep an eye on them. Make sure your children know what to do or where to go if they get lost – agree a meeting point or go to the lifeguards.
As well a looking for people in difficulty lifeguards are also looking for other dangers such as jellyfish which may make swimming dangerous.
In Spain the Red Cross (Cruz Roja) patrol many beaches and you can search for a lifeguarded beach on their site by putting in the coastal area of Spain you are visiting. It also provides useful information about each beach such as facilities and hours the beach is manned.
Obviously we can’t list all countries here but a simple web search for the country or region you are visiting for lifeguarded beaches should present you with useful information.
The water even in a hot region can still be very cold. This can be exacerbated by going from very hot air to cold water. Cold water shock kills. It doesn’t matter if you are normally a strong swimmer.
Learn the language
Make sure you know what the flags on the beach mean. They will indicate if you should enter the water. Like language there are differences between countries. So it’s worth double checking any information boards at the beach or asking a lifeguard.
In the UK and Australia you can expect to see red over yellow flags for a swimming area observed by lifeguards. You should swim between the flags. Also be aware that in the course of a day the lifeguards may change the position of the flags on the beach in response to changes in the water. A red flag indicates you should not swim in the water.
Some countries such as Spain have adopted a traffic light system to indicate the conditions in the water. Red is do not enter (undercurrents, strong waves), yellow is be very cautious (possible change ) and green means calm waters (flat no undercurrent).Remember these are about the conditions in the water – they don’t mean no risk. In addition to these flags you should also see the red and yellow split flags for monitored safe swimming areas.
It is worth noting that in Italy a white flag rather than green means calm water conditions but in some areas of Spain such as the Costa del Sol a white flag can mean jellyfish. Ask if you aren’t sure.
France has a different system with triangular flags which also correspond to the above traffic light system with additional flags for water quality – blue triangle for good and orange for poor.
Relax by the pool
It’s not just the coast that poses a risk on holiday. It’s quite the norm nowadays to have a pool either at the hotel or at a villa. More information can be found on RoSPA’s website about the risks of pools.
In some countries such as France and Australia there are laws which means pools must be enclosed by fencing but the type of pools they apply to may differ and some countries have no such laws. It is also worth noting you should still remain vigilant even if there is a fence.
Alcohol should be avoided – never swim after drinking and don’t drink next to the pool – it is very easy to feel drowsy or fall asleep after drinking in the sun
Know your pool – check the depth, where is the deepest point? (the middle, which end)
Don’t think arm bands or a rubber rings prevent drowning
Clear trip hazards (such as toys) from around the pool
Never leave a child unsupervised near or in a pool – not even for a second
Don’t assume you will hear if there is a problem – children can slip below the surface silently
Don’t assume because a hotel pool has an attendant or lifeguard you don’t need to supervise – and remember a pool attendant is not neccessarily a trained lifeguard
Designate someone to keep an eye on the kids (take turns)– don’t assume that because there are a group of adults someone will notice a child falling in
Never leave children supervising children near a pool
If you are holidaying with a pool check the safety arrangements beforehand. Some may have an alarm system where when set if the surface of the water is broken an alarm is activated.
Some young children have drowned as they have silently wandered to the pool either early in the morning or late at night when they were thought to be asleep. Consider taking devices such as portable door alarms on holiday.
One of the best things you can also do is make sure you know what to do in an emergency. Make sure you know basic first aid and the number to call to get help and the address of where you are staying.
It’s only one week until Glastonbury opens its’ gates for the 2016 festival and if you’re lucky this might not be the only festival you are venturing off to this summer.
The majority of people will be sleep under canvas at festivals and for many younger people this might be the first time they’ve camped or camped without their parents. Before setting off make sure you know how to camp safely to reduce the risk of fire or carbon monoxide poisoning.
A fire can destroy a tent in less than a minute
There is no such thing as a fire proof tent and although you will find many tents made of fire retardant material they will still burn very quickly. At festivals tents are often pitched very closely together so it makes sense to be extra cautious.
Avoid open fires or cooking too close to tents. This can be tricky at festivals where you are pitched quite closely so consider taking a collapsible camping bucket and keep filled with water by your tent (water is usually readily available around the site)
Don’t smoke in your tent
If you smoke near your tent make sure smoking materials are properly extinguished
Never use candles in or near your tent – use a torch
Don’t smoke whilst you are changing a gas cylinder
Never cook in your tent – even if it is pouring with rain. Using a stove or BBQ in a tent is an obvious fire risk but can also cause carbon monoxide poisoning. BBQs give this off event when they are functioning correctly. Carbon monoxide poisoning kills
Never use a stove to heat a tent or bring a BBQ into the tent for heat. Again this is a fire risk and even if a BBQ is cooling it will give off deadly carbon monoxide
For more information about gas and BBQ safety visit the Gas Safe Register website which has lots of useful information including Roland’s story which highlights the devastating consequences of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
The symptoms include dizziness, nausea and headaches – in fact similar to a hang over. If in doubt seek medical advice.